Québec Historic Sites and Monuments 
   
  
    M.O. Hammond had a love for the charming rural landscapes of Québec. He often went on holiday at Île d’Orléans, staying at the home of his friend, artist Horatio Walker. Though he was on holiday, Hammond would often be hard at work traveling around the countryside making photographs of the landmarks important to Canada’s history. One can see from some of the markings on the prints that many of these leisure images were cropped and altered to be reproduced in print journalism. 
    These photographs show many different views of Québec including Gaspé, one of North America’s first settlements where cod and salmon fishing dominated the economy, and Verchères, where Marie-Madeleine Jarret de Verchères became famous for her defense of the family fortress. Visitors can also see St. Eustache church where Jean-Olivier Chénier and the Patriote forces barricaded themselves as British forces set the village on fire in 1837. Click on each image and use the interactive maps to browse the collection materials and the locations in which they were taken.
  
    
    
    
St. Eustache Que. Church Still Bears Marks of Cannon Shot in Battle Here in 1837
    
[ca. 1920]
17 cm x 12.2 cm
Silver gelatin print
M.O. Hammond prints of historic sites and monuments, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-14-0-0-61, Archives of Ontario
    
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Looking closer, viewers can see the markings made on the print. These markings show how Hammond would edit these images in his journalistic practice. The markings appear to show how the print would be shaded to provide definition to the church when reproduced in print media.
  
  

Wolfe’s Cove Quebec
    

   
[ca. 1920]
11.5 cm x 8.7 cm
Silver gelatin print
M.O. Hammond prints of historic sites and monuments, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-14-0-0-25, Archives of Ontario
    

“On Plains of Abraham got good shot at river with [steamer] and sillery church, then Wolfe in it’s fine new netting of flower beds…"



Diary entry, 1920, M.O. Hammond's Diary, M.O. Hammond fonds, F 1075-5, Box MU7769-MU7770, Archives of Ontario.

  
This print is another that shows a marking on the print itself. Above the small drawn line, the word “cut” is written. In this case, this cropping was most likely done to put the focus on the shores of Wolfe’s Cove.
  

Gaspé Harbour Scene
    

[ca. 1920]
23.5 cm x 18.8 cm
Silver gelatin print 
M.O. Hammond prints of historic sites and monuments, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-14-0-0-9, Archives of Ontario
    
Madeleine de Verchères Monument, Verchères Que.
    
1920
12.4 cm x 10 cm
Silver gelatin print
M.O. Hammond prints of historic sites and monuments, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-14-0-0-74, Archives of Ontario
    
“Driving to the hotel Verchères we got a great sudden thrill on seeing the monument to Madeleine de Verchères just for a glimpse. Towering on a pedestal … I dashed out to make photos in the fading light.”

Diary entry, August 5, 1920, M.O. Hammond's Diary, M.O. Hammond fonds, F 1075-5, Box MU7769-MU7770, Archives of Ontario.

A Canadian Joan of Arc
    

"Another long and arduous day being wakened at 6 at Hotel in Verchères, by mellow sound of church bells, and realizing need of perhaps better shots of statue, got up and hurried to river...
River was in dead calm, and trees on further shore half lost in mist. Made several photos then watched sunrise..."


Diary entry, August 6, 1920, M.O. Hammond's Diary, M.O. Hammond fonds, F 1075-5, Box MU7769-MU7770, Archives of Ontario.
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Here visitors can take a closer look at how this print, made in Verchères, was used in the Canadian Home Journal article. This article from September 1921, shows how Hammond used his photographs in his journalistic practice to encourage the public to learn more about Canadian culture and heritage.
  
   
1921
Newsprint: ink on paper
M.O. Hammond printed material and newspaper clippings, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-11, Archives of Ontario
    
Photographs of Rural Québec
   
  
During Hammond’s vacations at Île d’Orléans, he enjoyed photographing beautiful rural landscapes as well as making prints of historical sites for journalistic purposes. When clicking through this gallery, viewers can see some of the more artistic photographs that Hammond made to be featured in salon exhibitions, including photographs of the Saguenay River and a memorial at Île d’Orléans.
  
    
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From Left to Right:

Capes Trinity and Eternity, Saguenay River Québec
[ca.1910-1930]
34.5 cm x 25.7 cm
Silver gelatin print
M.O. Hammond Salon Prints, Québec views and sites, M.O. Hammond Fonds,
Reference Code: F1075-22-1-7, Archives of Ontario
 
Two Churches on Dirt Road
[ca.1910-1930]
34.6 cm x 27 cm
Silver gelatin print on platino-bromide paper
M.O. Hammond Salon Prints, Québec views and sites, M.O. Hammond Fonds,
Reference Code: F1075-22-1-7, Archives of Ontario
 
Rural Scene in Québec with Town and Church
[ca.1910-1930]
34.1 cm x 26.5 cm
Silver gelatin print on platino-bromide paper
M.O. Hammond Salon Prints, Québec views and sites, M.O. Hammond Fonds,
Reference Code: F1075-22-1-7, Archives of Ontario
 
Memorial at Île d’Orléans
[ca.1910-1930]
33.4 cm x 26 cm
Silver gelatin print on platino-bromide paper
M.O. Hammond Salon Prints, Québec views and sites, M.O. Hammond Fonds,
Reference Code: F1075-22-1-7, Archives of Ontario