Prairies and Western Canada
   
  
The images featured on this page are photographs made in Western Canada. Included in the historical sites is Fort Garry, a Hudson’s Bay Company post in Manitoba that was established in 1822. This fort was famously seized by Louis Riel during the Red River Rebellion that began in 1869. Also featured is a Kildonan church; Kildonan is an historical district in Winnipeg, Manitoba, named after the Scottish village from which many of the first settlers emigrated. Visitors can click on each image and use the interactive maps to browse the collection materials and the locations in which they were taken.
  
    
Old Kildonan Church Near Winnipeg
    
   
[ca. 1920]
17 cm x 12 cm
Silver gelatin print
M.O. Hammond prints of historic sites and monuments, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-14-0-0-38, Archives of Ontario
    

Old Fort Garry Gate
 

  
  
In this image, one can take a closer look at another figure shown in Hammonds prints.  This woman looks upon the entrance to Fort Garry with anticipation, and Hammond renders this subject with artistic overtones in a print that conveys both a feeling of “mystery” and that the Fort itself is a place where visitors can learn by experiencing it.
  
  
1926
17.5 cm x 13 cm
Silver gelatin print
M.O. Hammond prints of historic sites and monuments, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-14-0-0-57, Archives of Ontario
    
"...On extensive western trip to [mountains] to see buffaloes rounded up for Canadian Gov’t then to Lamont, Alta. and Wainwright Alta. to see buffaloes transferred.  Visited Galican and German settlements in Alberta.  Took 300 photos and brought or otherwise received about 100 more." 

Diary entry, May 12 - June 20, 1909, M.O. Hammond's Diary, M.O. Hammond fonds, F 1075-5, Box MU7764-MU7768, Archives of Ontario.

   
The Buffalo Roundup 1909

  
The buffalo roundup was an exciting event during which cowboys herded buffalo from the U.S. state of Montana to Alberta, Canada for the Canadian Government. The Canadian Government moved these buffalo to Alberta to encourage the population of buffalo in the province that had dwindled after the Canadian Pacific Railroad was built. The first three images in this gallery are taken from M.O. Hammond’s personal travel albums, and the last from his salon prints. Notice how the salon print has been toned to get the specific aesthetic effect of the strong sepia tone for artistic appeal. 
  

  1. Managing Director
  2. Managing Director
  3. Managing Director
  4. Managing Director

"The star performer was Charlie Russell, the ex-cowboy and present artist of Western life.  He is fire and voluble, constantly talking and full of stories.  These are the greatest collection of wit combined with vulgarity I ever heard."



Diary entry, May 2o, 1909, M.O. Hammond's Diary, M.O. Hammond fonds, F 1075-5, Box MU7764-MU7768, Archives of Ontario.



Top From Left to Right:
   
Herd of Buffalo
1909
16 cm x 6 cm
Silver gelatin print
M.O. Hammond travel albums, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-9-0-11, Archives of Ontario
 
Men and Women Watching Buffalo Roundup
1909
14 cm x 11 cm
Silver gelatin print
M.O. Hammond travel albums, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-9-0-11, Archives of Ontario

Bottom From Left to Right:
 
Cowboys rounding up Buffalo
1909
15 cm x 8 cm
Silver gelatin print
M.O. Hammond travel albums, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-9-0-11, Archives of Ontario
 
Buffalo Roundup – Alberta and Montana
1909
25 cm x 19 cm
Silver gelatin print with sulphide toning 
M.O. Hammond Salon Prints, People, M.O. Hammond Fonds,
Reference Code: F1075-22-1-2, Archives of Ontario