Ontario Historical Sites and Monuments
   
  
Ontario was M.O. Hammond’s home. He loved to explore its history and to document historical monuments and sites of significance with his camera. Viewers can join Hammond’s journey around the province by clicking on each image, visiting Port Dover, where explorers François Dollier de Casson and René Bréhant de Galinée stopped in winter on a journey mapping Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. Interestingly, noteworthy French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle accompanied Galinée and Dollier up until they reached Lake Ontario. Further on in the exhibition, one can see the landing point where the very same La Salle arrived on the shores of Burlington Bay.
Other locations include Stoney Creek Battlefield and the Kingston parliament building, where the act of the union was formed between the years 1840 and 1841. Kingston was the original capital city of the Province of Canada after its formation in 1841. The building that originally operated as Canada’s parliament is now functioning as a hospital. Fort St. Joseph is also featured, showing the corner of the military powder magazine. Many First Nations peoples came to the island of St. Joseph because the fort was the most westerly fur trading post in British North America at the time, and they wished to do business with the residents. Visitors can use the interactive maps to browse the locations in which the photographs were taken.
  
    
   
Wintering Site of Galinée and Dollier, 1669-1670, Port Dover, Ont.
    
1922
12.6 cm x 10.3 cm
Silver gelatin print
M.O. Hammond prints of historic sites and monuments, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-14-0-0-48, Archives of Ontario
    

"Back in a picturesque cavalcade to see the spot where Galinée wintered. It was a jolly party and I enjoyed it.” 


Diary entry, July 5, 1922, M.O. Hammond's Diary, M.O. Hammond fonds, F 1075-5, Box MU7769-MU7770, Archives of Ontario.


Stoney Creek Battlefield, 1875    
[ca. 1920]
17.7 cm x 12.6 cm
Silver gelatin print 
M.O. Hammond prints of historic sites and monuments, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-14-0-0-67, Archives of Ontario
    

Parliament Building, 1841 (Kingston as Capitol)

 Here visitors can see a closer look at the entrance to the building. Notice the figure waiting by the entrance. This figure is interesting in the photograph because it gives a sense of scale to the building as well as showing that this was not a staged photograph, but that Hammond captured the image while the building was in its normal use.

   
[ca.1920]
17.5 cm x 12.6 cm
Silver gelatin print
M.O. Hammond prints of historic sites and monuments, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-14-0-0-64, Archives of Ontario
    

“A very crowded and enjoyable day in Kingston. I wanted a lot of photos so I could give the new camera a try out."
 
Diary entry, July 6, 1926, M.O. Hammond's Diary, M.O. Hammond fonds, F 1075-5, Box MU7769-MU7770, Archives of Ontario.

Fur Traders Monument, Fort William
    

  
  
Visitors can engage more intimately with the print here. This monument was commissioned by the Thunder Bay Historical Society, shortly after its founding in 1908. With the help of digital technology, one can see that the inscription text takes up the whole stone. The monument also features a carving of Canada’s national animal, the beaver. The beaver’s pelts were very desirable and greatly contributed to the expansion of Canada’s fur trade, boosting the economy in its time.
  
  
1926
25.7 cm x 17.6 cm
Silver gelatin print
M.O. Hammond prints of historic sites and monuments, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-14-0-0-4, Archives of Ontario
    
Fort St. Joe, North West Corner of Magazine
    
   
[ca.1920]
14.5 cm x 9 cm
Silver gelatin print
M.O. Hammond prints of historic sites and monuments, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-14-0-0-71, Archives of Ontario
    

La Salle’s Landing Place, 1669, On Shores of Burlington Bay, Now Wabasso Park

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A closer view of Hammond’s print at La Salle’s Landing shows the park marker. This large stone is inscribed and marks the spot where explorer Sieur De La Salle landed in September 1669. This marks where this early explorer arrived on the shores of Burlington Bay and began mapping the area.
  
  
1922
18 cm x 13 cm
Silver gelatin print
M.O. Hammond prints of historic sites and monuments, M.O. Hammond Fonds, Reference Code: F1075-14-0-0-43, Archives of Ontario
    
Toronto Island Gallery
   
Welcome to the Toronto Islands! Visitors can click through the gallery to see these beautiful salon prints of this favourite Toronto site. These prints were submitted for exhibition in a salon setting and therefore had a more artistic purpose than the photographs made for journalistic publications. The photographs of the Toronto Island Beach were presented on distinct mounts and textured paper was used here to create a softer, more impressionistic feeling. Additionally, these photographs are notable examples of Hammond’s pictorialist style. Pictorialism was one of many aesthetic styles of photography, popular in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s defined by genre, the diffusion or “softness” of the image, and compositions that emulated expressive qualities that echo concerns of artists in other mediums such as painting. These images exemplify how Hammond’s photographic style was influenced by artistic styles popular in the period.
    
  
    
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From Left to Right:

Crowds on Island Beach
[ca. 1910-1930]
29.4 cm x 22.4 cm
Silver gelatin print on textured semi-matte paper
M.O. Hammond Salon Prints, Toronto Island, M.O. Hammond Fonds,
Reference Code: F1075-22-1-5, Archives of Ontario
 
Crowds at Island Beach
[ca. 1910-1930]
29.8 cm x 24.9 cm
Silver gelatin print on textured semi-matte paper
M.O. Hammond Salon Prints, Toronto Island, M.O. Hammond Fonds,
Reference Code: F1075-22-1-5, Archives of Ontario
 
Lawn Maintenance at Toronto Island
[ca. 1910-1930]
29.8 cm x 22.4 cm
Silver gelatin print on textured semi-matte paper
M.O. Hammond Salon Prints, Toronto Island, M.O. Hammond Fonds,
Reference Code: F1075-22-1-5, Archives of Ontario
 
Hanlan’s Point – Poplars
[ca. 1910-1930]
34.7 cm x 26 cm
Silver gelatin print
M.O. Hammond Salon Prints, Toronto Island, M.O. Hammond Fonds,
Reference Code: F1075-22-1-5, Archives of Ontario